Retirement village or aged care?
Throughout our lives we make choices about where to live, largely driven by lifestyle, work or family. However, as we get older our health or increasing levels of frailty may have a greater impact on these choices.
Homes come in a variety of shapes, styles and legal structures. Planning ahead and researching options can help you to make a well-informed decision when you think you need to move.
Where we live in our older years is not just a decision about physical location but how we can access care and support. It is important to understand what is affordable as well as how your daily routine can be managed.
Accommodation versus care
When care is needed, many people compare the option of a retirement village against residential aged care. While both provide supportive environments for older people, they are not complete substitutes. The funding and care implications are quite different.
Don’t view the comparison as just a property transaction based on price and size. For example, in a retirement village you may have access to a whole unit or villa, while for a similar price in a residential aged care service, you have only a single room. You should also think about how much support you need each day.
Retirement villages versus residential care
Retirement villages offer the opportunity to live in a community of older people. The village operator will maintain the external building and community garden areas, but it is still independent living. For an additional cost, you may be able to access support inside your home
but services vary from one retirement village to the next, and unless provided through a Home Care package, costs are not subsidised by the Government.
Residential aged care bundles fully supported living and care together with accommodation. This care is provided 24/7 and the costs are heavily subsidised by the government. The table below provides a basic summary of some of the key comparisons:
|Retirement village||Residential care|
|Entry cost (accommodation)||Set by the operator and specified in the contract. Usually a lump sum “purchase” but some villages may allow a rental arrangement.||A published price which you can choose to pay as a fully refundable lump sum or a daily “rental” amount.|
|Tenancy right||Occupancy usually under a lease or licence arrangement.||Permanent tenancy for life, with rules for future moves specified in the agreement.|
|Centrelink /DVA means-test||Homeowner status depends on the amount paid. If determined to be a homeowner, the entry amount paid is exempt.||If a homeowner before moving, this status continues while a spouse continues to live there, or otherwise for the first two years only (or until home is sold).|
|Options when leave||Depends on contract. If the unit is sold you may or may not share in any capital gains. A deferred management fee and refurbishment expenses are generally deducted from the refunded amount.||A lump sum paid for the room (less any fees deducted) is refunded. All other rights terminate.|
|Cost of care||Optional services provided at the operator’s discretion – with commercial and non-subsidised pricing. Or you may organise your own Government subsidised Home Care Package as you do when living in a private residence.||Rules for calculating fees are set by the government based on means-testing, with minimum and maximum annual fees.|
The value of advice
Pulling together the information you need to make choices can be difficult and stressful for you and your family. Emotions can run high.
Giving yourself time by starting your research early can reduce stress levels and for an older person, can ensure their voice is heard more clearly. Call Lyn Walker on 0413 337 326 for advice to guide you through the process and help to create effective solutions for you and your family.
Disclaimer: Current at 1 December 2020. The purpose of this article is to provide factual information only. It is not intended to be financial advice however any advice provided is general in nature and does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider whether the advice is suitable for you and your personal circumstances. Please speak to your adviser before making any financial decisions.